What is the PAX Good Behavior Game?




Logo Video Trans.png
PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is a school-based, classroom intervention used by teachers to teach self-regulation. PAX GBG is not a set of lessons or curriculum, but strategies teachers use throughout their day to build students’ behavioral skills and stamina for focused attention and self-regulation. This is what makes PAX GBG so much more than good classroom management. Classroom management ends at the classroom door, but students take self-regulation with them in the hallways, to recess, into their homes and communities, and into their lives. Longitudinal research by Johns Hopkins University, has shown that students who received PAX Good Behavior Game are more likely to experience success in school and significantly less likely to experience difficulty with substance abuse or addiction.

Self-regulation is the ability to monitor and manage your behaviors accordance with the demands of the situation in the pursuit of long-term goals.

The PAX Good Behavior Game builds self-regulation in young people by creating shared relational frames with adults and peers. By reinforcing desirable behaviors and inhibiting unwanted behaviors, children develop agency and command to delay gratification and reduce impulsivity. This increase in pro-social behavior and self-regulation paves the way for remarkably better academic, behavioral, and lifetime outcomes. PAX also develops and strengthens peer networks to improve relationships now and in the future.

Trauma-informed Care

Trauma-informed is an approach, based on knowledge of the impact of trauma, aimed at ensuring environments and services are welcoming and engaging that creates opportunities for individuals who have experienced trauma to rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.

The PAX Good Behavior Game adheres to SAMHSA’s six key principles of a trauma-informed approach and model for a trauma-informed classroom. PAX creates a nurturing environment in every school and classroom – allowing young people to develop pro-social behaviors in a safe setting far from the predatory environments that encourage anti-social behavior. PAX provides teachers with research-based strategies shown to support development and prevent the re-traumatization of children who have been exposed to trauma. These strategies allow students to co-create consistent expectations and summon peer support in creating a nurturing classroom environment.


PBIS and Tiered-Intervention

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and Tiered Intervention is a systemic, continuous-improvement framework in which data-based problem solving and decision-making is practiced across all levels of the educational system for supporting students.


The PAX Good Behavior Game provides teachers and administrators with practical tiered-intervention strategies to implement PBIS in the classroom. These strategies work together to reinforce expected, pro-social behaviors while inhibiting problematic behaviors. PAX ensures evidence-based strategies and expectations for every student and uses data-driven decision-making to provide multiple levels of support for students with more intense needs. PAX creates for a unified, multi-tier approach that establishes consistent expectations throughout the school.


Social-emotional Learning

Social-emotional learning is the development of the knowledge and skills to understand and manage emotions, set goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.

The PAX Good Behavior Game promotes social-emotional learning in all students. By engaging students in co-creating expectations and developing shared relational frames, children can begin to recognize their own thoughts and feelings as well as regulate their own emotions and behaviors. PAX also improves awareness for the needs of others and helps to improve peer support by developing and maintaining positive relationships with others. All this helps children to regulate their own behavior and choices in order to live peaceful, productive, healthy, and happy lives.

PAX GBG is...
Logo Video Trans opacity 10.png
Logo Video Trans opacity 10.png
Logo Video Trans opacity 10.png

The strategies in PAX GBG have been subjected to multiple randomized trials and a number of peer-reviewed studies of implementation throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, an Indigenous communities, as well as across racial and ethnic groups. PAX has been shown to provide numerous early benefits and lifetime impacts.

PAX GBG Improves...

Classroom Performance

Students in PAX Classrooms demonstrated…

  • higher on Statewide Standardized Math and Reading test scores than their peers.

  • higher reading levels than their peers.

  • reduced need for Special Education Services.

  • higher graduation and college entrance rates.

Teachers in PAX Classrooms demonstrated…

  • higher efficacy in student engagement, instructional strategies, and classroom management.

  • reduced stress after implementing PAX.

Mental Health Outcomes

Students in PAX Classrooms demonstrated…

  • remarkably fewer problematic behaviors.

  • reduced risk for mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.

  • fewer symptoms of depression.

  • fewer school-related injuries and symptoms of aggression.

  • reduced rates of bullying.

  • decreased suicide ideation and fewer attempts.


Substance Use Prevention

Students in PAX Classrooms demonstrated…

  • decreased tobacco use.

  • reduced alcohol use.

  • decreased illicit drug including opioid abuse.

  • less overall service use for drug abuse or psychiatric disorder.